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MUS 491 - Seminar in Research: Citations

Research and Writing in Music

MUS 491

Class Guide: Resources for Research

You will be using the Notes-Bibliography version of Turabian style.

Turabian – 8th Edition
Common Sources (Books, Journals, Magazines, Newspapers)

KEY:  R – Reference List, P – Parenthetical Citations

 

BOOKS:

There are many variants of book citations. Please refer to the Turabian handbook for more detailed information.

In most cases you should cite the main title of any book that offers a single, continuous argument or narrative, even if you only use a section of it. If you feel it necessary to cite an independent essay or chapter, you may.

Entire Book

R: Murav, Harriet. 2001. Music from a Speeding Train: Jewish Literature in Post-revolution Russia. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

P: (Murav 2011, 219-20)

 

Chapter or Part of a Book

R: Demos, John. 2001. “Real Lives and Other Fictions: Reconsidering Wallace Stegner’s Angle of Repose.” In Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (and Each Other), edited by Mark C. Carnes, 132-45. New York: Simon and Schuster.

P: (Demos 2001, 137)

 

E-Books:

R: Hogan, Erin. 2008. Spiral Jetta: A Road Trip through the Land Art of the American West. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Adobe PDF eBook.

P: (Hogan 2008, 10)

 

ARTICLES:

Journal Articles:

Journal articles that are accessed online need an Accessed Date and a URL or DOI link. Simply omit this information if you accessed the article in print.

R: Wieringa, Saskia E. 2011. “Portrait of a Women’s Marriage: Navigating between Lesbophbia and Islamophobia.” Signs 36, no. 4 (Summer): 785-93. Accessed February 15, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/658500.

P: (Wieringa 2011, 787)

 

Magazine Articles:

Magazines are cited by date only, even if they are numbered by volume and issue.

R: Lepore, Jill. 2011. “Dickens in Eden.” New Yorker, August 29.

P: (Lepore 2011, 52)

 

Newspaper Articles:

Omit page numbers in parenthetical citations because the item may appear on different pages or may even be dropped in different editions of the newspaper.

R: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 2012. Editorial. March 31.

P: (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel 2012)

 

R: Gussow, Mel. 2011. Obituary for Elizabeth Taylor. New York Times, March 24. New York edition.

P: (Gussow 2011)

 

R: Lepage, Mark. 2011. “Armageddon, Apocalypse, the Rapture: People Have been Predicting the End since the Beginning.” Gazette (Montreal), May 21. Accessed December 20, 2012. LexisNexis Academic.

P: (Lepage 2011)

 


Websites & Social Networking

 

WEBSITES:

R: Google. 2010. “Privacy Policy.” Google Privacy Center. Last modified October 3. Accessed March 3, 2011. http://wwwW.google.com/intl/en/privacypolicy.html.

P: (Google 2010)

 

BLOGS:

Include Accessed Date and URL. Give the blogger’s name exactly as it appears, even if it is a pseudonym. If the blogger’s real name can be easily determined, include it in brackets.

R: Becker, Gary. 2012. “Is Capitalism in Crisis?” The Becker-Posner Blog, February 12. Accessed February 16, 2012. http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/2012/02/is-capitalism-in-crisis-becker.html.

P: (Becker 2012)

 

SOCIAL NETWORKING:

Information posted on social networking services should be cited only in parenthetical citations. 

P: (Sarah Palin, Twitter post, August 25, 2011, [10:23 p.m.], accessed September 4, 2011, http://twitter.com/sarahpalinusa)

 

P: (Obama for America, September 4, 2011 [6:53 a.m.], accessed September 22, 2011, https://www.facebook.com/barackobama)

 

ELECTRONIC DISCUSSION GROUPS & MAILING LISTS

Cite only in parenthetical citations.

Omit email addresses. Include the correspondent’s name exactly as listed, even if it is a pseudonym. If archived online, include the Accessed Date and URL.

P: (Dodger Fan, post to “The Atomic Bombing of Japan,” September 1, 2011 [12:57:58 p.m. PDT], History forum, Amazon.com, accessed September 20, 2011, http://www.amazon.com/foum/history/)

 

P: (Sharon Naylor, “Removing a Thesis,” e-mail to Educ. & Behavior Science ALA Discussion List, August 23, 2011 [1:47:54 p.m. ET], accessed January 31, 2012, http://listserv.uncc.edu/archives/ebss-l.html)

 


Live Performances, Music Videos, Sound Recordings, and Musical Scores

 

LIVE PERFORMANCES:

Cite live theatrical, musical, or dance performances only in parenthetical citations.

P: (Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark, by Glen Berger and Julie Taymore, music and lyrics by Bono and The Edge, directed by Julie Taymore, Foxwoods Theater, New York, September 10, 2011)

 

MUSIC VIDEOS:

Include, at minimum, the name and description of the item plus an access date and a URL. Give the creator’s name exactly as listed, even if it is a pseudonym. If the creator’s real name can be easily determined, include it in brackets.

If relevant, you may include the time at which the cited material appears in the file in your parenthetical citation.

R: Adele. “Someone like You” (music video). Directed by Jake Nava. Posted October 1, 2011. Accessed February 28, 2012. http://www.mtv.com/videos/adele/693356/someone-like-you.jhtml.

P: (Adele 2011, 2:37)

 

SOUND RECORDINGS:

Include as much information as you can to distinguish it from similar recordings.

LP

R: Holiday, Bille. 1958. “I’m a Fool to Want You,” by Joel Herron, Frank Sinatra, and Jack Wolf, Recorded February 20 with Ray Ellis. On Lady in Satin. Columbia CL 1157. 33 ½ rpm.

P: (Holiday 1958)

 

MP3

R: Beethoven, Ludwig van. 1969 and 1970. Piano Sonata no. 29 (“Hammerklavier”). Rudolf Serkin, piano. Recorded December 8-10, 1969, and December 14-15, 1970. Sony Classics, 2005. MP3.

P: (Beethoven 1969 and 1970)

 

CD

R: Strauss, Richard. 1940. Don Quixote. With Emanuel Feuermann (violoncello) and the Philadelphia Orchestra. Conducted by Eugene Ormandy. Recorded February 24. Biddulph LAB 042, 1991. CD.

P: (Strauss 1940)

 

Streaming

R: Pink Floyd. 1970. “Atom Heart Mother.” Recorded April 29 at Fillmore West, San Francisco. Streaming audio. Accessed July 7, 2011. http://www.concertvault.com/pink-floyd/fillmore-west-april-29-1970.html.

P: (Pink Floyd 1970)

 

MUSICAL SCORES:

Cite a published musical score as you would a book. Cite an unpublished score as you would unpublished material in a manuscript collection.

Published

R: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. 1960. Sonatas and Fantasies for the Piano. Prepared from the autographs and earliest printed sources by Nathan Broder. Rev. ed. Bryn Awr, PA: Theodore Presser.

P: (Mozart 1960)

 

Unpublished

R: Shapey, Ralph. 1966. “Partita for Violin and Thirteen Players.” Score. Special Collections, Joseph Regenstein Library. University of Chicago.

P: (Shapey 1966)

 

 

Turabian – 9th Edition
Common Sources (Books, Journals, Magazines, Newspapers)

KEY:  N – Footnotes, B – Bibliography

 

BOOKS:

There are many variants of book citations. Please refer to the Turabian handbook for more detailed information.

In most cases you should cite the main title of any book that offers a single, continuous argument or narrative, even if you only use a section of it. If you feel it necessary to cite an independent essay or chapter, you may.

E-Books also need an Accessed Date and a URL or DOI link or the name of the library database.

Entire Book

N:       1. Katie Kitamura, A Separation (New York: Riverhead Books, 2017), 25.

B:          Kitamura, Katie. A Separation. New York: Riverhead Books, 2017.

 

Chapter or Part of a Book

In the note, cite specific pages; in the bibliography, include the page range. 

N:       2. John Demos, “Real Lives and Other Fictions: Reconsidering Wallace Stegner’s Angle of Repose,” in Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (and Each Other), edited by Mark C. Carnes, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001), 132-45.

B: Demos, John. “Real Lives and Other Fictions: Reconsidering Wallace Stegner’s Angle of Repose.” In Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (and Each Other), edited by Mark C. Carnes, 132-45. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.

 

E-Books

N:       1. Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime and Punishment, trans. Constance Garnett, ed. William Allan Neilson (New York: P. F. Collier & Son, 1917), 444, https://archive.org/details/crimepunishment00dostuoft.

B:         Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Crime and Punishment. Translated by Constance Garnett, edited by William Allan Neilson. New York: P. F. Collier & Son, 1917. https://archive.org/details/crimepunishment00dostuoft.

 

 

ARTICLES:

Journal Articles

Journal articles that are accessed online need a URL or DOI link. Simply omit this information if you accessed the article in print.

N:      1. Ashley Hope Pérez, “Material Morality and the Logic of Degrees in Diderot’s Le neveu de Rameau,” Modern Philology 114, no. 4 (May 2017): 874, https://doi.org/10.1086/689836.

 

B:        Pérez, Ashley Hope. “Material Morality and the Logic of Degrees in Diderot’s Le neveu de Rameau.” Modern Philology 114, no. 4 (May 2017): 872–98. https://doi.org/10.1086/689836.

 

Magazine Articles

Magazines are cited by date only, even if they are numbered by volume and issue.

N:      4. Jill Lepore, “Dickens in Eden,” New Yorker, August 29, 2011, 52.

B:          Lepore, Jill. “Dickens in Eden.” New Yorker, August 29, 2011.

Newspaper Articles

In most cases, cite articles and other pieces from newspapers only in the notes. Include a bibliography entry only if the article is critical to your work or is frequently cited or both.

N:      1. Editorial, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, March 31, 2012.

N:      2. Mel Gussow, obituary for Elizabeth Taylor, New York Times, March 24, 2011, New York edition.

N:      3. Mark Lepage, “Armageddon, Apocalypse, the Rapture: People Have been Predicting the End since the Beginning,” Gazette (Montreal), May 21, 2011, accessed December 20, 2012, LexisNexis Academic.


Websites & Social Networking:

 

WEBSITES:

Normally, you can limit citations for websites to the notes.

Include in the bibliography only if it is critical to your argument or frequently cited or both. If there is no author name, list the source under the title of the website or the name of the owner or sponsor.

N:       1. “Privacy Policy,” Privacy & Terms, Google, last modified April 17, 2017, https://www.google.com/policies/privacy/.

B:         Google. “Privacy Policy.” Privacy & Terms. Last modified April 17, 2017. https://www.google.com/policies/privacy/.

 

 

ELECTRONIC DISCUSSION GROUPS & MAILING LISTS:

Cite only in the notes.
Omit email addresses. Include the correspondent’s name exactly as listed, even if it is a pse99udonym. If archived online, include the Accessed Date and URL.

N:      1. Dodger Fan, post to “The Atomic Bombing of Japan,” September 1, 2011 (12:57:58 p.m. PDT), History forum, Amazon.com, accessed September 20, 2011, http://www.amazon.com/foum/history/.

 

N:      2. Sharon Naylor, “Removing a Thesis,” e-mail to Educ. & Behavior Science ALA Discussion List, August 23, 2011 (1:47:54 p.m. ET), accessed January 31, 2012, http://listserv.uncc.edu/archives/ebss-l.html.

 


Live Performances, Music Videos, Sound Recordings, and Musical Scores:

 

LIVE PERFORMANCES:

Cite live theatrical, musical, or dance performances only in notes.

N:       1776, by Peter Stone, music and lyrics by Sherman Edwards, directed by Cheryl Denson, Lyric Stage, Irving, Texas, October 26, 2012.

Bibliography entry is usually not needed for live performances. 

MUSIC VIDEOS:

Include, at minimum, the name and description of the item plus a publication date and a URL. Give the creator’s name exactly as listed, even if it is a pseudonym. If the creator’s real name can be easily determined, include it in brackets.

Citations of videos can normally be limited to the notes, or like citations of newspaper articles, woven into the text. If a source is critical to your paper or frequently cited, you may include it in your bibliography.

N:           1. Janelle Monáe, "Q.U.E.E.N.," featuring Erykah Badu, track 3 on The Electric Lady, Bad Boy Records, 2013, Spotify streaming audio, https://open.spotify.com/track/3HW030T8eqPs8wpsgZqCGM?si=q3D2s4fhR6CRynwYhNBlzg.

 

B:           Monáe, Janelle. "Q.U.E.E.N," featuring Erykah Badu. Track 3 on The Electric Lady. Bad Boy Records. 2013. Spotify streaming audio. https://open.spotify.com/track/3HW030T8eqPs8wpsgZqCGM?si=q3D2s4fhR6CRynwYhNBlzg.

 

 

SOUND RECORDINGS:

Include as much information as you can to distinguish it from similar recordings.

LP

N:      57. Nina Simone, "Balm in Gilead," recorded January 1978, on Baltimore, CTI, streaming audio, accessed December 10, 2017, https://open.spotify.com/track/6pivheXpihCt0tUvklH6oM.

B:           Rubinstein, Artur. The Chopin Collection. Recorded 1946, 1958-67. RCA Victor/BMG 60822-2-RG, 1991. CD.

 

 

CD

Citation for CD or liner notes. 

N:      1 Steve Reich, liner notes to Music for 18 Musicians, Steve Reich and Musicians, ECM 821 417-2, CD, 1978.

 

B:         Reich, Steve. Liner notes to Music for 18 Musicians. Steve Reich and Musicians. ECM 821 417-2, CD, 1978.

YOUTUBE

And other online resources. Cite as normal for a physical item, until format (MP3), followed by accessed date and URL. 

N:      1 David Longstreth, Instructional Video, in Big Beautiful Dark and Scary, Bang on a Can All-Stars, Cantaloupe Music CA21074, 2011, mp3, accessed February 16, 2017, youtube.com/watch?v=KwCZ-AjKgcE. 

 

B:        Longstreth, David. Instructional Video. In Big Beautiful Dark and Scary. Bang on a Can All-Stars. Cantaloupe Music CA21074, 2011. mp3. Accessed February 16, 2017. youtube.com/watch?v=KwCZ-AjKgcE.

 

MUSICAL SCORES:

Cite a published musical score as you would a book. Cite an unpublished score as you would unpublished material in a manuscript collection.

Published

N:      2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Sonatas and Fantasies for the Piano, Prepared from the autographs and earliest printed sources by Nathan Broder, Rev. ed. (Bryn Awr, PA: Theodore Presser, 1960).

B: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Sonatas and Fantasies for the Piano. Prepared from the autographs and earliest printed sources by Nathan Broder. Rev. ed. Bryn Awr, PA: Theodore Presser, 1960.

 

Unpublished

N:     4. Ralph Shapey, “Partita for Violin and Thirteen Players,” score, 1966, Special Collections, Joseph Regenstein Library, University of Chicago.

B: Shapey, Ralph. “Partita for Violin and Thirteen Players.” Score. Special Collections, Joseph Regenstein Library. University of Chicago, 1966.

Oxford Music Online - Citing Articles

The easiest way to find the important information for a citation within Oxford Music Online is to click on the "Cite" link above the article (circled above). You'll find Chicago and MLA citations - just pull the information you need from those citations and plug it into your Turabian citation.

The database is constantly being updated with new articles from the most recent editions, so they have a mix of previous and current edition articles. They do not prominently identify this information, so it just easier to look at the citation information they provide. Let me know if you have any questions! :)

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