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"Quantitative data is information about quantities, and therefore numbers, and qualitative data is descriptive, and regards phenomenon which can be observed but not measured, such as language.
Quantitative research gathers data in a numerical form which can be put into categories, or in rank order, or measured in units of measurement. This type of data can be used to construct graphs and tables of raw data." - SimplyPsychology.org
Methods may include: controlled observations and questionnaires.
Constructing Measures introduces a way to understand the advantages and disadvantages of measurement instruments, how to use such instruments, and how to apply these methods to develop new instruments or adapt old ones.
The Power of Survey Design not only reveals the multitude of survey design factors that play subtle but crucial roles in the accuracy of survey data and therefore can taint their interpretation, but also offers a guide to the steps involved in administering a survey and convincing potential respondents to participate.
A practical how-to guide on all the steps involved with survey implementation, this volume covers survey management, questionnaire design, sampling, respondent’s psychology and survey participation, and data management. A comprehensive and practical reference for those who both use and produce survey data.
The primary objective of cognitive interviewing, also known as cognitive testing, is to understand the cognitive mechanisms underlying the survey-response process. An equally important aim is contributing to the development of best practices for writing survey questions that are well understood and that produce low levels of response error.
"Starting with a basic introduction to psychological tests, their historical development, and their uses, the book also covers the statistical procedures most frequently used in testing, the frames of reference for score interpretation, reliability, validity and test item considerations, as well as the latest guidelines for test selection, administration, scoring and reporting test results. Whether as an orientation for those new to the field, a refresher for those already acquainted with it, or as reference for seasoned clinicians, this book is an invaluable resource." Description from catalog.
Part 1: reviews test design practices being used in test development
Part 2: design variables from psychological theory that includes implications of verbal comprehension theories in the role of intelligence and the effects of these implications on goals, design, scoring, and validation of tests
Part 3: discusses the latent trait models for test design that have numerous advantages in problems involving item banking, test equating, and computerized adaptive testing.
Part 4: examines test designs from the perspective of test developments in the future integrating technology, cognitive science, and psychometric theories.
Includes Hunt, Frost, and Lunnerbog Theory and single-latency distribution model.
This book presents a state of the art exposition of theoretical, methodological and applied issues in Psychometrics. This book represents a thorough cross section of internationally renowned thinkers who are inventing methods for dealing with recent challenging psychometric problems." Description from website.
Chapters include: History and overview of psychometrics, classical test theory, equating test scores, and many more that may be of interest.
"This book traces how such a seemingly immutable idea as measurement proved so malleable when it collided with the subject matter of psychology. It locates philosophical and social influences (such as scientism, practicalism and Pythagoreanism) reshaping the concept and, at the core of this reshaping, identifies a fundamental problem: the issue of whether psychological attributes really are quantitative. It argues that the idea of measurement now endorsed within psychology actually subverts attempts to establish a genuinely quantitative science and it urges a new direction. It relates views on measurement by thinkers such as Holder, Russell, Campbell and Nagel to earlier views, like those of Euclid and Oresme." Description from catalog.
"The Clinician's Handbook of Adult Behavioral Assessment provides a single source for understanding new developments in this field, cutting across strategies, techniques, and disorders. Assessment strategies are presented in context with the research behind those strategies, along with discussions of clinical utility, and how assessment and conceptualization fit in with treatment planning." From web description.
Information Literacy and Instructional Design Librarian