Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)
Gleick, J. (1987). Chaos: Making a new science. Penguin.
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. American Psychological Association.
Book with No Author:
Title (# edition). (Year of Publication). Publisher.
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Merriam- Webster.
Edited Book, No Author:
Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if available)
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. Russell Sage Foundation.
Edited Book with an Author or Authors:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (E. Editor, Ed.). Publisher. DOI (if available)
Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). Anchor.
Edition Other Than the First:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (# edition). Publisher. DOI (if available)
Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., & Krugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). University of Chicago Press.
Article in a Magazine:
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.
Article in Journal Paginated by Volume:
Journals that are paginated by volume begin with page one in issue one, and continue numbering issue two where issue one ended, etc.
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Article in Journal Paginated by Issue:
Journals paginated by issue begin with page one every issue; therefore, the issue number gets indicated in parentheses after the volume. The parentheses and issue number are not italicized or underlined.
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.
An Article from an Online Database:
Cite articles from online databases just as you would print sources. You can also include the item number or accession number or database URL at the end, but the APA manual says that this is not required.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. Retrieved from URL.
With issue & volume numbers:
Miley, M. (2008, December). Magazine's we'll miss. Advertising Age, 79(46), 19. Retrieved from http://connection.ebscohost.com/.
Without issue & volume numbers:
Nasar, S., & Gruber, D. (2006, August 28). Manifold destiny. The New Yorker. Retrieved from http://newyorker.com.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/.
Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3), 120-125. Retrieved from http://www.articlehomepage.com/full/url/.
Use the following format if the book you are using is only provided in a digital format or is difficult to find in print. If the work is not directly available online or must be purchased, use "Available from," rather than "Retrieved from," and point readers to where they can find it.
For books available in print form and electronic form, include the publish date in parentheses after the author's name. For references to e-book editions, be sure to include the type and version of e-book you are referencing (e.g., "[Kindle DX version]"). If DOIs are available, provide them at the end of the reference.
De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. Retrieved from http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/dehuff/taytay/taytay.html.
Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Available from http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin/biblio? inkey=1-9780931686108-0.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of video. Retrieved from URL of video.
WSCUniversity. (2014, February 20). The Western Way. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaWu3cCH1bo.
Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Film]. Production company.
Burton, T. (Director). (1994). Ed Wood [Motion picture]. United States: Touchstone.
In APA, no personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.
(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).
A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).