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Leslie J. Savage Library

Leslie J. Savage Library: APA

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CITATIONS

APA

APA General Rules

  • Titles of works are in sentence case: Capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon, and any proper nouns. Otherwise, lowercase.
    • Example: Modern library services: An overview of Leslie J. Savage Library
  • If available, APA 7 requires a DOI for all works that have one — whether print or digital. If a print work does not have a DOI do not include it in the reference citation.
    • A DOI, or Digital Object Identifier, is a string of numbers, letters and symbols used to permanently identify an article or document and link to it on the web. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation. Think of it like a Social Security number for the article you’re citing — it will always refer to that article, and only that one. While a web address (URL) might change, the DOI will never change.
  • URLs are optional. If you want to include the URL, place it at the end of the citation.

   BOOKS

One Author: 

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)

Gleick, J. (1987). Chaos: Making a new science. Penguin.

Two authors:

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. American Psychological Association.

Book with No Author:

Title (# edition). (Year of Publication). Publisher.

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Merriam- Webster.

Edited Book, No Author:

Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if available)

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. Russell Sage Foundation.

Edited Book with an Author or Authors:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (E. Editor, Ed.). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). Anchor.

 

Edition Other Than the First:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (# edition). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., & Krugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). University of Chicago Press.

    PERIODICALS

Article in a Magazine:

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Article in Journal Paginated by Volume:

Journals that are paginated by volume begin with page one in issue one, and continue numbering issue two where issue one ended, etc.

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Article in Journal Paginated by Issue:

Journals paginated by issue begin with page one every issue; therefore, the issue number gets indicated in parentheses after the volume. The parentheses and issue number are not italicized or underlined.

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.

   ELECTRONIC PERIODICALS

 An Article from an Online Database:

Cite articles from online databases just as you would print sources. You can also include the item number or accession number or database URL at the end, but the APA manual says that this is not required.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. Retrieved from URL.

Magazine:

With issue & volume numbers:

Miley, M. (2008, December). Magazine's we'll miss. Advertising Age, 79(46), 19. Retrieved from http://connection.ebscohost.com/.

Without issue & volume numbers:

Nasar, S., & Gruber, D. (2006, August 28). Manifold destiny. The New Yorker. Retrieved from http://newyorker.com.

Journal:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/.

Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3), 120-125. Retrieved from http://www.articlehomepage.com/full/url/.

    E-BOOKS

Use the following format if the book you are using is only provided in a digital format or is difficult to find in print. If the work is not directly available online or must be purchased, use "Available from," rather than "Retrieved from," and point readers to where they can find it.

For books available in print form and electronic form, include the publish date in parentheses after the author's name. For references to e-book editions, be sure to include the type and version of e-book you are referencing (e.g., "[Kindle DX version]"). If DOIs are available, provide them at the end of the reference.

De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. Retrieved from  http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/dehuff/taytay/taytay.html.

Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest.  Available from http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin/biblio? inkey=1-9780931686108-0.

Uncommon Citations in APA

YOUTUBE VIDEOS:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of video. Retrieved from URL of video.

Example:

WSCUniversity. (2014, February 20). The Western Way. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaWu3cCH1bo.


FILMS/MOVIES

Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Film]. Production company.

Example:

Burton, T. (Director). (1994). Ed Wood [Motion picture]. United States: Touchstone.


PERSONAL INTERVIEWS:

In APA, no personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.

Examples:

(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).

A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).

More APA Resources

Zotero

Information Literacy and Instructional Design Librarian

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Melissa Huang
Contact:
1 Western Way
Library 210
Gunnison, CO 81230
970-943-2898

APA Video Tutorials

See the OWL at Purdue's videos on APA formatting

Watch this step-by-step guide for formatting:

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