- In the References Cited section, list all references mentioned in the text, figures, captions, tables, and appendices. List references mentioned in the Data Repository as well, unless the DR item has its own reference section.
- Do not cite papers that are unpublished, in preparation, submitted, in review, or in revision. If a reference has not been formally accepted, cite it as a personal communication along with the year of communication.
- In the References Cited section, list references alphabetically by author’s surname. For references with two authors, list alphabetically by first author and then alphabetically by second author. For references with more than two authors, list alphabetically by first author and then chronologically, earliest year first.
- For references with more than 10 authors, shorten the author list to the first author’s name plus “et al.” If author list includes co-chief scientists, please include all of their names, with the rest of the author names shortened to “et al.” See example in the “Book” section below.
- Spell out journal titles and book publishers. Include the city of publication for books.
- Include DOI numbers when available.
- For website citations, include the month and year the site was accessed in parentheses at the end of the reference.
- For translated works, please see the Varnavskiy et al., 1995, example in the “Journal Article” section below.
- For references that do not match any of the examples given here, include all information that would help a reader locate the reference.